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Hey all!

You must know by now about The Polyester Dollhouse - it’s an inclusive membership platform to share all our new content, our newsletter content and keep in touch with the team, as well as community building with a shared Whatsapp group, tarot readings, seminars and so much more. We launched The Dollhouse last week in order to keep Polyester’s ability to produce content and lead creative activism going.

Without sign ups, we are going to struggle to keep the doors open, so please read more about signing up here.

If you have already paid for the newsletter, we are also offering exclusive discounts on The Dollhouse memberships! 🤑 Check em out below.

BECOME A BRONZE MEMBER
If you’re currently a monthly newsletter subscriber, we’re offering a bronze membership to The Dollhouse for the same price as your current plan. So, for £3-3.50 a month you’ll get: Our same monthly newsletter content and cover feature, a monthly members event, a community forum, and seasonal digital merchandise such as phone wallpapers. This will be £5-6 for new members, so click here to convert your subscription!

Polyester is a synthetic fiber derived from coal, air, water, and petroleum. Developed in a 20th-century laboratory, polyester fibers are formed from a chemical reaction between an acid and alcohol. In this reaction, two or more molecules combine to make a large molecule whose structure repeats throughout its length. A polyester blend is a fabric containing a certain percentage of polyester fibers mixed with another fiber to create desired characteristics in the final product. For example, cotton is blended with polyester fiber (known as a poly cotton blend) to add comfort in breathability and softness, or rayon is added to create a shiny finish to the textile.

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BECOME A SILVER MEMBER
If you like the sound of all of the above but want even MORE… we’re offering our newsletter community silver membership for £4-5 a month (usual price £7-9). This includes everything outlined in bronze membership plus a community Whatsapp group, our Get Ready With Me TV show, monthly creative agony aunt sessions, and free annual merch (think a zine, or a t-shirt). Click here to join.

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If you’re already an annual member (paid for a year upfront), we’ll be converting you automatically in the next week to bronze tier! And if you’d like to upgrade to silver we would love to have you. Please note: After you’ve signed up to The Dollhouse, delete your subscription here!

Content wise, we are so proud of what’s in The Dollhouse and what’s yet to come! Last week saw an exclusive interview with Travis Albanza about their latest project Overflow, a new show written by them and performed at The Bush Theatre in London’s Shepherds Bush.

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The interview, undertaken by Polyester Editor in Chief Ione Gamble, sees Albanza exploring the serious implications of lockdown on trans-feminine folk, their empowerment in sharing their own and other trans stories as well as an incredible “what’s hot, what’s not” list reminiscent of our favourite early 00’s mags.

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This upcoming week also features another incredible queer feature, with Canada Drag Race’s JIMBO stepping into The Dollhouse to give us her official Guide to Life, alongside an exclusive editorial with longtime collaborator Hélène Cyr. Check out a sneak peek of their shoot below:

The Polyester Dollhouse updates with new content every Tuesday, so take the time out of your Monday to show us a little support and get first look at what we’ve got to offer tomorrow. For those of you who have signed up already, thank you so much for allowing Polyester to continue growing and celebrating our community.

Best,

The Entire Polyester Team 💋

Most polyesters are made from petroleum from which the constituent acids and alcohols are derived. The types of processes that manufacturers use vary, and little is known about specific manufacturing processes, because the companies want to keep them a secret in order to remain competitive. Here is a general description of how polyester is synthesized:

1) Polymerization

Condensation polymerization occurs when the acid and alcohol are reacted in a vacuum at high temperatures. The polymerized material is extruded in the form of a ribbon onto a casting trough or cooling wheel. After the ribbon hardens, it is cut into chips.

2)Spinning

The chips are dried and then put into hopper resevoirs for melting. Polyester is a 'melt spun' fiber, which means that it is heated, extruded through the spinnerets, and cools upon hitting the air. From there it is loosely wound around cylinders.

3)Drawing

The fibers are then hot stretched until they are about five times their original length in order to decrease their width. The fiber is then wound onto cones as filaments or is crimped and then is cut into staple lengths.

Variations on the Basic Polyester

Different fibers can be created by doing one or more of the following:
    1) Adding a delusterant--Polyester is a naturally bright fiber, but can be made dull or semi-dull by the addition of a delusterant.

    2) Changing the shape of the spinneret--The simplest and most common shape is a circle, but by changing ths shape of the spinneret, square, oval, and bean-shaped fibers can be formed. One can even create a hollow fiber. The different shapes affect the hand and strength of the fiber.

    3) Drawing it out more--Drawing out the fiber to five times its orginal length is normal, but polyester can be stretched even further to create the now-popular microfiber. Best picture editor app for macbook. Drawing it out may also affect the strength, elasticity, and dyeability.

    4) Adding dye--In its natural state, polyester is a slightly transparent off-white. Adding dye at the manufacturing stage can create brilliant colors like electric blue and atomic red.

    5) Crimping--When the fiber is drawn out it is long and smooth. Crimping can give the fiber more texture and bulk and can increase its insulation properties, as well as its elasticity.

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Making Yarns

After the fiber itself is created, it is made into a yarn. There are two types of polyester yarns: filament and spun. Filament yarns are made by taking the long polyester filaments, grouping them together, and then twisting them to make them thicker and stronger. A monofilament yarn has just one, long polyester fiber that is not twisted.

Spun yarns are produced in much the same way that a cotton or wool yarn is produced. The long filaments are fist cut into short pieces calledstaples (see photograph.) These are then combined together and spun to create a yarn made up of thousands of short filaments.

Blends

At this stage, polyester can also be combined with other fibers to produce a variety of effects.

Polyester and cotton is probaby the most famous and popular blend. The polyester helps the fabric retain its shape and resist stains and wrinkles. The cotton makes the fabric more absorbent and comfortable.

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Polyester is combined with wool to give it wrinkle-resistance and shape retention in all kinds of weather. Since polyester is stronger than wool, it increases the durability and life of the fabric. The wool contributes good draping characteristics and elasticity.

Polyester and rayon is another popular blend fabric. Here again the polyester makes the fabric more resilient and durable, and helps it keep its shape. The rayon adds a different texture, has a good hand, is good for draping, and is absorbent.

Polyester and nylon produce a strong fabric because of nylon's strength and abrasion resistance and polyester's wrinkle-free properties. This combination produces a yarn that is strong, durable, stable, easy to launder, and resistant to mildew and insects. Problems with this blend, however, are that pilling may occur, and it does not have a very good hand. Furthermore, since neither nylon nor polyester is very absorbent, the fabric may feel wet and clammy in warm or humid weather.

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Weaving

After the yarns are made, they are shipped out to textile mills to be woven into fabric. Polyester can be made into both woven and knitted fabrics (such as the infamous double-knit!)

Finishing Processes

Finally, after the fabric is made, one or more of the following finishing processes is often used to improve the quality of the fabric:
  • Heat setting--creates a permanent shape
  • Singeing--improves the hand, reduces pilling, and increases smoothness
  • Anti-static finish--reduces static electricity
  • Water and stain repellency--increases comfort and makes it easier to clean; also used for rainwear
  • Resin finishes--increases ease of care
  • Calendering--increases smoothness and reduces pilling
  • Embossing--creates a design and/or luster

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Trademarked Fabrics

Shaw Polyester Carpet Review

Polyester is the generic name for the fiber which encompasses several fiber variations with different structures and shapes. E.I. du Pont de Nemours Co., Inc.(go to their homepage), Hoescht Celanese (go to their homepage), and BASF (go to their homepage) are three of the major producers of polyester; each has several trademarked names. Go to a page that lists several different polyesters with the companies that produce them.